A vehicle designed to transport passengers in the rear seating row(s), with reconfigurable seats in two or three rows. The equivalent classification in Europe is the M-segment, more commonly known as an MPV (multi-purpose vehicle) or a people carrier/mover. Minivans often have a ‘one-box’ or ‘two-box’ body configuration, a higher roof, a flat floor, a sliding door for rear passengers, and high H-point seating.
Compared with a full-size van, minivans are now based on a passenger car platform and have a lower body (to fit inside a typical garage door opening). Some early versions, such as the Ford Aerostar and Chevrolet Astro, utilized a compact pickup truck platform.
A luxury bus is generally larger than a traditional minibus but smaller than a full-size single-decker and can be anywhere between 8 meters (26 ft 3 in) and 11 meters (36 ft 1 in) long. It can carry about 8 to 25 people, a bus that is used for driving long distances with as much comfort as possible and more room. It has fewer doors than a city bus. While used in many parts of the world, medium coaches are perhaps most common in the United Kingdom, where operators have found them more economical, and to have a sufficient number of seats compared to full-size single-decker buses.
These coaches are often designed to be lightweight to save on diesel fuel (e.g. smaller wheels than on larger buses), making them not as durable as heavier ‘full size’ buses. Some of them like Scania Omni Town, are heavier and therefore more durable.
A multi-axle bus is a bus or coach that has more than the conventional two axles (known as a twin-axle bus), usually three (known as a tri-axle bus), or more rarely, four (known as a quad-axle bus). Extra axles are usually added for legal weight restriction reasons, or to accommodate different vehicle designs such as articulation, or rarely, to implement trailer buses.
They have multiple axles which provide more points of contact with the ground. So when you pass over a bump, only one axle lifts at a time, making sure that the other wheels are on the ground which means fewer shocks are transferred to the passengers. The engine is rear-mounted and very good.
Double Decker Coaches
A double-decker bus is a bus that has two stories or decks. Coaches are normally built to be 4.38 meters (14 ft 4 in) high, while ‘High bridge’ buses are normally about 20 centimetres (8 in) taller. Articulated double-deckers are also allowed at a maximum length of 18.65 meters (61 ft 2 in)
Double-decker buses are used for mass transport in the United Kingdom, the United States, Europe, and Asia, the best-known example being the red London bus, namely the AEC Route master.
Modern double-deckers have a main entrance door at the front, and the driver takes fares, thus halving the number of bus workers aboard, but slowing the boarding process. The rear open platform, popular with passengers, was abandoned for safety reasons, as there was a risk of passengers falling when running and jumping onto the bus.
Double-deckers are primarily for commuter transport but open-top models are used as sight-seeing buses for tourists. William Gladstone, speaking of London’s double-deck horse-drawn omnibuses, once observed that “…the best way to see London is from the top of a bus
A caravan, travel trailer, camper, tourer, or camper trailer is towed behind a road vehicle to provide a place to sleep which is more comfortable and protected than a tent (although there are fold-down trailer tents). It provides the means for people to have their own home on a journey or a vacation, without relying on a motel or hotel, and enables them to stay in places where none is available. However, in some countries campers are restricted to designated sites for which fees are payable.
Caravans vary from basic models which may be little more than a tent on wheels to those containing several rooms with all the furniture and furnishings and equipment of a home. Construction of the solid-wall trailers can be made of metal or fiberglass. Travel trailers are used principally in North America, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand.